In the world of moving pictures, or so-called film art, everything happens for us as if by magic. In this article, we will go through a brief history of the cinematic art that we have admired for more than a century.
Cinema is that art which unites music, drama and literature. Its history begins in the 1830s, when cinema was born in the spinning cylinders. Inside the cylinders were pictograms that depicted the same object in different poses. As the cylinder rotates, they create a sense of movement of the image.
The first cylinders bear the name stroboscopes. They were the invention of Simon von Stampfer (1792 - 1864), an Austrian surveyor, mathematician and inventor. In the 1960s, the zoopraxiscope was invented, which worked on the same principle - a series of fast-moving pictures that, at a speed of twenty-four frames per second begin to merge into one inseparable movement.
In the brief history of the art of filmmaking, we cannot fail to mention the Frenchman Etienne Jules-Maret and his chronophotographic cannon. It managed to capture 12 frames per second. His film "Falling Cat", shot in 1894, provoked a real boom for its time. It consisted of 19 rapid successive photographs which Marais was able to project onto the screen. The cat falls from a height of about 120 centimetres. It is thrown backwards, but during the fall it rolls over and lands on its paws. This is what sparks discussion in scientific circles, how the cat is able to change its body position during a fall.
Brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere
The brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere left their contribution to the short history of film art. They were among the first screenwriters, directors and cinematographers. In Paris, in 1895, they created their cinematograph and made the world's first public screening, which lasted just 46 seconds. The Lumiere brothers helped to set the date of cinema's 'birthday', 28 December 1895. They then organised their first paid public screening. There were 33 visitors, and the screening consisted of several separate plots, each lasting 50-60 seconds.
By the end of 1896 there were screenings all over the world - Madrid, London, St Petersburg. The following year, on 27 February 1897, the first cinema screening was held in Bulgaria. Until then, all films were without sound. It appeared only in 1920.
History of Film Art - 20th Century
Here begins a new creative era. Editing - selecting, arranging and shaping footage on the basis of a script and direction - appeared. In 1905, the first movie theater opened in Pittsburgh. A little later, the first actors appeared, the films became more interesting, longer. In France, the Pathe and Gaumont film companies were born.
In the past lines we have retold the short but interesting history of the art of film. Stay tuned for more interesting facts and events about film and visual art in our next INFILMIT article.